PUBLISHED IN PAKISTAN pk.dental-tribune.com JULY-AUGUST 2021 - Issue No. 04 Vol.8 An exclusive interview with Dr Qaiser Ali Baig ADA not backing compulsory COVID-19 jabs Why emotional intelligence in dentistry is ... INTERVIEW Page 4 NEWS Page 9 NEWS Page 12 Transparency International recommends PMC to cancel MDCAT DT Pakistan Report I SLAMABAD - The T r a n s p a r e n c y International Pakistan (TIP) has declared the tendering process of the upcoming MDCAT by the P a k i s t a n M e d i c a l Commission (PMC) as complete violation of Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA) rules and recommended to cancel and re-invite it, Dental Tribune Pakistan learnt recently. The TIP in its letter written to the PMC has mentioned v i o l a t i o n s o f s e v e r a l PPRA rules in awarding the MDCAT contract to the private company allegedly established after the deadline of the advertisement. "The complete process of tendering is in violation of PPRA Rules 2004," said the TIP letter available with Dental Tribune Pakistan. The TIP also said that PMC following the PPRA rule number 13 did not issue complete bid documents, did not post the evaluation report, did not post the contract on PPRA website as per rule 47 and there is no information that whether it furnished the compliance report with NAB or not. According to the letter, the TIP said, "based on the authenticity of documents, TI Pakistan is of the view that P r i m a f a c i a P M C h a s committed mis-procurement Photo: DT Pakistan under rule No 50, by violating PPRA Rules 7, 13, 23, 35, 47 and awarded this contract w i t h o u t d e c l a r i n g t h e information on PPRA website. The tender may be cancelled and re-invited accordance with requirement of PPRA rule 2004." The PMC had allegedly a w a r d e d t h e M D C AT conducting contract worth Rs115,500,000 million to a Single Member Company (SMC) SOAR Testing and Evaluation Platform (SMC- PVT) Limited (TEPS). The PMC had advertised that approximately 175,000 students in August 2021 will appear in the test, while the DELTA VARIANT ON THE RISE Pakistan is heading towards fourth wave Photo: DT Pakistan DT Pakistan Report I SLAMABAD - People should mark Eid-ul-Adha in a "limited, closed environment" said Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Health Dr Faisal Sultan recently. As per local news channel, the premier's aide spoke about the alarming rise in the new Delta variant cases of the coronavirus, saying the data shows that the fourth is starting in Pakistan. Continued on Page 11 s a i d c o m p a n y w a s incorporated 10 days after the advertisement deadline. Meanwhile, the company after winning the contract in the month of June submitted an undertaking of release of Rs115,500,000 in advance and to adjust the amount from fee. The TIP also forwarded the copies of the violations made to the Prime Minister House, Chairman NAB, Auditor General of Pakistan, MD PPRA and registrar Supreme Court of Pakistan and requested them to take action on it according to their mandate. t o t i m e The TIP mentioning the PPRA rule no 13, said that r e s p o n s e t h e advertisement is minimum 15 days, whereas, PMC has provided only seven days. According to PPRA rule no. 13, all advertisements or notices shall expressly mention the response time allowed for that particular procurement along with the information for collection of bid documents which shall be issued till a given date, allowing sufficient time to complete and submit the bid by the closing date. According to NAO 1999, section 33 B, all ministries, divisions and attached departments of the federal government, all departments of provincial and local g o v e r n m e n t s , s t a t u t o r y Continued on Page 11
4 DENTAL TRIBUNE Pakistan Edition JULY-AUGUST 2021 INTERVIEW What inspired you to select this particular speciality? P u b l i c h e a l t h dentistry is rarely the primary goal for most dentists, but the potential it carries is exponential. I was searching for will help us achieve preventive and oral health promotion regimes. What are the causes of mouth diseases in Pakistan? We a r e l i v i n g i n a w o r l d b e t w e e n commercialization, poverty and hunger. Branding even in food and products has shaken our oral health. The life patterns and practices have shifted the severity and pattern of diseases among individuals. We see different patterns of oral diseases linked to different socio-demographic and socio- political factors. Therefore, to control these diseases, we need to control the factors causing them to happen. Tobacco use, high sucrose diet, and poor oral hygiene will always remain In Pakistan, community dentistry gets the limelight for a limited time in academia only. The true essence of this noble discipline lies in serving the community itself officers or interns in tertiary care hospitals as well as in smaller hospitals located either outside the city or in its rural vicinities. Their house job should be supervised by senior faculty members, already deputed or hired in those areas. At this time, they can be offered attractive remunerations and provided with all necessities. Once they have served their house job or internship in different hospital settings, The potential of public health dentistry is exponential; Dr Qaiser Ali Baig various post-graduation options locally and internationally after the completion of my undergraduate education. I happened to stumble upon an opportunity to flourish my skills in Research Governance, Global Health and Public Health Project Management, and I immediately seized that opportunity. This field was not everyone's cup of tea, so I decided to venture into something different and make space for myself there. Exposure is the key to getting better at research. You will never know what the world is working on unless you collaborate with international researchers and educate yourself about their inclinations What is your opinion about the scope of Community Dentistry in Pakistan? In the current scenario, unfortunately, in Pakistan, Community Dentistry gets the limelight for a limited time in academia only. The true essence of this noble discipline lies in serving the community itself. We rarely witness field trips and health camps specially designed to address prevalent dental public health-related issues. However, those are not enough to serve the purpose. In my opinion, scaling up an entire network of services will bring the change, starting with one National Oral Health Policy. It is time to realize the importance and integration of oral health into general health. Luckily our statistics are not in a horrible condition in all parameters, but we must ask ourselves that are we waiting for something bad to happen so our priorities can be shifted towards oral health? A multi-sectorial collaborative approach in the Ministries of Health, Information and Education will bring a trickle- down effect to educate and serve the population at the grassroots level. Allocation of Public Health Dentist jobs in schools, dispensaries and hospitals by Dr Sonia Sameen D r Qaiser Ali Baig is currently serving as t h e Vi c e P r i n c i p a l o f t h e D o w International Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences. He received his professional education (BDS) at the Baqai Medical University. He pursued his graduate studies (MSc in Dental Public Health) in the UK at the University of London, England. A skilled professional and a true educationist at heart, Dr Baig has many accolades to his name. He is the author of more than 22 research studies and a founding member of the IADR Pakistan Section. In 2008, Dr Qaiser developed the first-ever preventive dental OPD in any dental college in Lahore. He has received various awards, including an Outstanding Teaching Excellency Award from the DUHS in 2018. He has presented his studies in multiple conferences, both locally and internationally, for which he has gained significant recognition. In recognition of his efforts in dentistry in Pakistan, Dental Tribune Pakistan decided to share a conversation with Dr Qaiser Ali Baig himself. eminent risk factors. We have to think out of the box to tackle the social extended factors contributing to the problem. What steps can be taken to address the issues of people living in rural areas? The biggest issue of Pakistani doctors and dentists is the brain drain. We don't see an equitable distribution of doctors but rather see them moving towards better opportunities, resulting in no service provision in rural areas. In my personal opinion, one thing that can be done which has already been in practice in a few countries, students, after graduating from dental school, must serve as house they will be better equipped to practice in any part of the country. This scaling-up of networks will tackle human resources with minimal expenditure in small towns and rural areas. I think this is the part where feasibility and possibilities can be explored. Public health dentistry is rarely the primary goal for most dentists, but the potential it carries is exponential What are the rising trends in dental research these days? In my opinion, completing one well-formulated research project that contributes even the bare minimum to the literature of already published topics is better than conducting flawed research on novel ideas. On the other hand, this does not mean that people should keep on conducting KAB studies. Science has advanced into a phase where even the finest details are being looked into vigorously. We work on genomics, molecular epidemiology, technology, and material development in dentistry. Similarly, so many projects and so many horizons can be explored in research; it all depends on the topic that interests you. Do you think research at the undergraduate level has any worth? Would you recommend it to students? Even if it is not worth publishing, researching at an undergrad level can provide students with an idea about the process in the future. If not for anything, then just for the sake of learning. You learn with trial and error. No one is born a skilled researcher. So, yes, I believe undergraduate students should conduct at least one research part of their academic activity. Continued on Page 11
6 DENTAL TRIBUNE Pakistan Edition JULY-AUGUST 2021 NEWS 4TH BUMDC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 2021 Health Care: challenges and innovation K A R A C H I - B a h r i a University Medical and Dental College (BUMDC) recently organised the 4th International Conference themed "Health Care: Challenges and Innovation". It c o m p r i s e d o f p r e - c o n f e r e n c e workshops, poster presentations, webinars, scientific sessions, inauguration and closing ceremonies. Pre-conference workshops The pre-conference workshops were conducted by both the medical and dental sections of BUMDC. Dr Shama Asghar and her team supervised and managed the dental conferences. The pre-conference sessions were held on " B o n d i n g i n O r t h o d o n t i c s " , "Temporization for Fixed Prosthesis", "Screening of Hepatitis B and C" and "Rotary Endodontics. Dr Tabassum Ahsan, Prof. Dr Saman Hakeem, Prof. Dr Daud Mirza were the organisers of their respective workshops. At the same time, Dr Maria Habib, Dr Omair Majeed, Dr Farnaz Ilyas, Dr Talha Tanwir, Dr Afshseen Maqsood, Dr Hasan Hameed, Dr Meisha Gul facilitated them. Poster Presentation One of the key features of the I n t e r n a t i o n a l B U M D C 4 t h Photos: DT Pakistan C o n f e r e n c e , t h e poster presentation, was organised by Prof. Dr Hassan Ali. Twenty-five posters were presented by researchers from Medical, Dental and A l l i e d S c i e n c e s specialities. The Chief guest was Rear Admiral (R) Nasir Mehmood (HI) (M), Pro-Rector Research Innovation & Commercialization, BUMDC. All the Director Generals, Principal, Dean, Head of Departments, students of BUMDC showed keen interest in the scientific posters and a p p r e c i a t e d t h e presenters. In the end, c e r t i f i c a t e s o f Appreciation was distributed among the presenters. Inauguration Ceremony The 4th International BUMDC Conference inaugural ceremony was held triumphantly amid Covid -19 pandemic at BUMDC. Major General Aamer Ikram, (HI) (M), (SI) (M), Executive Director, National Institute of Health(NIH), Major General Aamer Ikram, (HI) (M), (SI) (M), Executive Director, NIH, Prof. Dr Tipu Sultan, Chancellor, Malir University and Prof. Dr Syed Mehmood Haider, a renowned Maxillofacial Surgeon, were the chief guests and speakers of the event. Prof. Dr Ambreen Usmani, Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences and Principal, BUMDC and Chairperson, Organizing Committee, moderated the event. She expressed her gratitude to the patron of the conference Vice - Admiral (R) Khalid Amin (HI) (M), Director General, BUMDC, for being immense support throughout the event. Webinars An International webinar preceded the inaugural ceremony. The presenters for the webinar were Dr Jane Hislop, Academic Coordinator and Clinical Educator, Edinburg University, UK and Dr Nader M. Hamdan, Associate Professor, Consultant Periodontist and Dental I m p l a n t S u r g e o n D a l h o u s i e University, Canada. They delivered the sessions on "The Role of wellbeing and compassion in Healthcare" and "Partial Extraction Therapy (PET) for Continued on Page 11 BUMDC conducts clinical case presentation competition K ARACHI - The D e p a r t m e n t o f P r o s t h o d o n t i c s , Bahria University Medical and Dental College (BUMDC), recently organized clinical case-based presentations. The competition was held amongst the final year BDS students posted in P r o s t h o d o n t i c s OPD. Dr Talha Tanveer, M C l i n D e n t , Prosthodontics, was the event's judge, and Prof. Dr Saman Hakeem, Head of Department of Prosthodontics, BUMDC, presented the awards to the winner. The event was facilitated by Dr F a t i m a H a s s a n , S e n i o r Registrar, Prosthodontics, B U M D C a n d D r A s i m Monpuri, Senior Registrar, Prosthodontics, BUMDC. All students were judged based on their performance and the content of the presentations. Recognizing the need for research in dentistry, the c o n c e p t b e h i n d t h i s competition was to indulge the t h e p r e p l a n n e d o u t l i n e provided to the students by the facilitator. The presentations i n c o r p o r a t e d h i s t o r y, examination, and framing of a problem list based on cast analysis, leading to treatment plans. Moreover, the final t r e a t m e n t w a s backed up by a literature search in case report studies. The presentations were followed by t h e i n t e r a c t i v e session between j u d g e s a n d t h e participants. Photo: DT Pakistan clinical students in the research-based phenomena and acknowledge them about literature searches related to their clinical cases. The competition was based on their clinical cases. Each of those cases was made according to At the end of the competition, the winners, Shehzadi Rubab, followed by Ammara Noor and Saleha Mahmood, were awarded the Certificate of Appreciation for their excellent presentations skills. -PR Dr Qurat ul Ain joins as Incharge of Research and Outreach Programs at AIMI A BBOTTABAD - Dr Qurat Ul Ain, Assistant Professor, Abbottabad International Medical Institute (AIMI), joined the Community Dentistry Department at the Dental College of AIMI as In-charge of Research and Outreach Programs with effect from July 12, 2021. The purpose of the program was to improve learning, promote public engagement, and strengthen communities by addressing their societal needs. It also built partnerships between the communities and the educational institutions. -PR APPOINTMENT L AHORE - Professor Dr Beenish Qureshi was recently appointed as Head of Department of Operative Dentistry, HITEC-IMS. Prof. Beenish graduated from de'Montmorency College of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences (UHS), Lahore. She, later on, completed her residency and gained a Fellowship of the College of Physicians and Surgeons (FCPS) in Operative Dentistry. -PR
8 DENTAL TRIBUNE Pakistan Edition JULY-AUGUST 2021 NEWS DTMA announces the new executive body Photos: DT Pakistan FJDC, TIH take part in the blood donation drive K ARACHI - Fatima Jinnah Dental College (FJDC) recently collaborated with The Indus Hospital (TIH) for a Voluntary Blood Drive at Azam Town General Hospital. An awareness session was held the day before at FJDC's clinical campus. The instructor enlightened the potential donors with the entire blood donation process and its benefit in improved heart health, reduced cancer risk, and enhanced production of new blood cells. Students, faculty members and other volunteers donated blood during the drive. Stations were set up, and TIH representatives initially took a medical history from the donors under strict WHO guidelines and SOPs. The process went very smoothly. Certificates of appreciation and blood test results were given promptly to the donors the next day. FJDC and TIH thanked all the participants for making that drive successful. The purpose of this cause was to benefit Thalassemic and Cancer patients, who were always in dire need of blood for transfusion. -PR Dental College HITEC-IMS recommences on-campus academic activities T AXILA - HITEC-Institute o f M e d i c a l S c i e n c e s ( H I T E C - I M S ) D e n t a l C o l l e g e r e c e n t l y r e s u m e d on-campus classes and other activities. The decision took place after ensuring that all the staff and students were fully vaccinated. Photo: DT Pakistan The dental college students were a n x i o u s l y w a i t i n g f o r t h e resumptions of their classes and rotations in different clinical departments so that they would start honing their skills again. During the lockdown, modern methods and technology like online teaching came to aid. They helped fill the vacuum created by the shutting down of institutes, but on-campus Continued on Page 10 Experts raise awareness at Hepatitis B vaccination program T AXILA - HITEC-Institute of Medical Sciences (HITEC- IMS) Dental College recently arranged a Hepatitis B vaccination program free of cost for the staff of clinical departments by following t h e immunisation of the health care workers. The vaccine would administer in three doses over six 6 months). t h e g u i d e l i n e s f o r Photo: DT Pakistan months (0, 1, and The program took place under the facilitation of Maj (R) Azhar Iqbal and in collaboration with Vikor Enterprises. Dr Muhammad Mudassar Saleem, Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS), HITEC-IMS, Dr Maimoona Siddiq, Assistant Professor, Department of OMS, HITEC-IMS, Dr Zuhair Mehdi, Registrar, Department of OMS and Dr Farhat Zahid, Department of OMS, HITEC-IMS, arranged the activity. The dental college is striving for the betterment and safety of the faculty and staff. The program's purpose was to raise awareness about the Hepatitis B virus. Editorial note: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is highly infectious and causes serious health problems worldwide. It is a major infectious hazard for healthcare workers. Workers coming in contact with blood or blood- contaminated body fluids, therefore, should be vaccinated. Vaccine-induced antibodies are produced that provide immunity against clinical disease or detectable viremic HBV infection. -PR L AHORE - Dental Trade and Manufacturers Association of Pakistan (DTMA) recently announced its new executive body. Ashraf Ali Ghauri, President, Liaquat Ali Humayun, Chairman, Azhar Ali Khan, General Secretary, Farrukh Hamid, Vice Chairman, Mazhar Hussain Mirza, Vice President Punjab, Rashid Chugtai, Vice President KPK, Nasir Feroz, Vice President Sindh, Saleem Hayee, Secretary Finance and Dr Wasib Hanif, Joint Secretary were the members of the new executive body with the respective designations. DTMA has been a non-profit organisation founded in 2002 by a group of manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors and suppliers of products to provide services to the dental profession and safeguard the mutual interests of the small community. -PR SFCC holds a dental pinning ceremony N EW MEXICO - Department of Dental Health, Santa Fe Community College (SFCC) recently conducted an SFCC Dental Pinning Ceremony at SFCC Campus Center. Photo: DT Pakistan Students received pins for completing different courses. Among them, 12 students received pins for getting a Certificate in Dental Assisting and seven students for completing the Expanded Functions Dental Auxiliary [EFDA] course. Two students were awarded an Associate in Applied Science (AAS) in Dental Health, and one student Continued on Page 11 SSCMS presents the Teaching Excellence Award ARACHI - Prof. HR Sukhia, Principal, Dental College, Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences, SSCMS, granted Dr K Hijab Fatemah, Head of Department and Assistant Professor, Oral Biology, SSCMS, with the Sir Syed D e n t a l Te a c h i n g E x c e l l e n c e Aw a r d 2021. P h o t o : D T P a k i s t a n Dr Hijab has been a well-known Oral Biologist with years of teaching experience. The SSCMS admin has firmly recognized the hard work and devotion of the dental faculty in these hard times. The dental faculty and students congratulated Dr Hijab on this milestone achievement and wished her the best. -PR
NEWS JULY-AUGUST 2021 Pakistan Edition DENTAL TRIBUNE 9 ADA not backing compulsory COVID-19 jabs By Jeremy Booth Dental Tribune International C HICAGO, U.S. - The A m e r i c a n D e n t a l Association (ADA) says that dentists should be vaccinated against COVID-19 but has stopped short of backing compulsory inoculation within the oral care workforce. As the The parties added: "While we recognize some workers cannot be vaccinated because of identified medical reasons and should be exempted from a mandate, they constitute a small minority of all workers." The statement, which said that the number of experts and institutions that supported universal vaccination of health Dentists are essential health c a r e p r o v i d e r s w h o s e leadership, counsel, and example will go a long way in building vaccine confidence in our nation," Klemmedson wrote. "Let's do our part to move public health forward. If you haven't already been v a c c i n a t e d , p l e a s e g e t vaccinated and encourage your SIOHS shares insight on basics of research K ARACHI - Jinnah Sindh Medical University (JSMU) recently conducted a lecture on research methodology. The lecture titled 'Basics of Research Methodology' was conducted at the Sindh Institute of Oral Health Sciences (SIOHS), JSMU. Dr Ammar Ahmed Siddiqui, Associate Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, supervised the lecture. Photo: DT Pakistan The FCPS trainees under the department of Operative Dentistry, Orthodontics and Prosthodontics, SIOHS, attended the event. The speaker addressed their queries regarding study designs and sample size calculation for their various research projects. Professor Syed Yawar Ali Abidi, Dean of Dental Faculty, JSMU, Prof. Zubair Ahmed Abbasi, Principal, SIOHS, JSMU and Prof. Irfan Qamaruddin, Head of Department of Orthodontics, presented a certificate of appreciation to the speaker. -PR SSCMS holds a workshop for dental students K ARACHI - The Continuing Dental Education (CDE) Department of Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences (SSCMS) recently held a workshop titled "Prevention & R e h a b i l i t a t i o n i n Dentistry". Prof. HR Sukhia, Principal, Dental College, SSCMS, led the workshop with Dr Zain Rauf, Assistant Professor, Community Dentistry, SSCMS and Dr Syed Ali Raza, Assistant Professor, C o m m u n i t y D e n t i s t r y, SSCMS. Prof. HR Sukhia delivered P h o t o s : D T P a k i s t a n the lecture on the role of mini-implants in orthodontic anchorage. Dr Zain shared insights on the role of implants in modern dentistry and their impact on rehabilitation in hypodontia and anodontia. Whereas Dr Syed Ali Raza emphasized the role of implants in young patients to prevent extra-cutting in crowns and bridges. He also explained that early implant placement creates more stability of bone in the future. In the end, the admin of SSCMS greatly appreciated the efforts of the dental faculty in promoting CDE programs in the college. -PR Almost 90% of U.S. dentists are fully vaccinated and ADA President Dr. Daniel J. Klemmedson says that dental professionals are doing their part to limit the spread of COVID-19. Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 continued to spread in the U.S., the association broke ranks with other health and medical groups by advocating for voluntary vaccination in order to show leadership and help to build nationwide vaccine confidence. In late July, dozens of U.S. health associations and groups jointly called for COVID-19 vaccine mandates for all health care workers. In a statement, the more than 50 signatories wrote: "Due to the recent COVID-19 surge and the availability of safe and effective vaccines, our health care organizations and societies advocate that all health care and long-term care employers require their workers to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. This is the logical fulfilment of the ethical commitment of all health care workers to put patients as well as residents of long-term care facilities first and take all steps necessary to ensure their health and well- being." (Image: s-ts/Shutterstock) care workers was growing, was signed by influential health bodies including the American Medical Association, the A m e r i c a n A c a d e m y o f Pediatrics and the American Public Health Association. Let's do our part to move public health forward remain hesitant Dr. Daniel J. Klemmedson, ADA I n a n e m a i l t o A D A members, ADA President Dr. Daniel J. Klemmedson called on dentists to be vaccinated but said that the association was following guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which currently does not recommend universal vaccination for health care workers. "As we continue to hear about rising infection rates due to the Delta variant, I want to repeat to you what I noted in my December 2020 message: team members and patients to do the same." No compulsory COVID-19 vaccination without full FDA clearance? CDC has not recommended mandates for inoculation for COVID-19 for health care workers and, according to former U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams, the agency is unlikely to do so until the vaccines have been fully approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. "We can't have mass mandates, we won't- you're hearing this from the military and from other businesses-until you have full licensure of these vaccines," Adams told broadcasting network CBS on July 25. ADA health policy data shows that, in the U.S., close to 90% of dentists are fully vaccinated and that 93.4% have had at least one vaccine dose. "Clearly, dental professionals are doing their part to limit the spread of the virus, but we must keep at it," Klemmedson wrote.
10 DENTAL TRIBUNE Pakistan Edition JULY-AUGUST 2021 NEWS By Franziska Beier Dental Tribune International Third molar extraction P HILADELPHIA, U.S. - Taste d i s o r d e r s a n d o t h e r neurosensory defects have been reported postoperatively in a number of patients who have u n d e rg o n e e x t r a c t i o n o f t h e mandibular third molars. Although taste deficits are generally expected to resolve within one year, the long- term effects of the surgical procedure remain unknown. A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia has challenged the notion that third molar extraction only has negative effects on taste, as it found that patients who underwent the dental procedure had improved taste abilities decades after the surgery. "Prior studies have only pointed to adverse effects on taste after extraction and it has been generally believed that those effects dissipate over time," said lead author Dr. Richard L. Doty, director of the Smell and Taste Center at the university, in a university press release. "This new study shows us that taste function can actually slightly improve between the time patients have surgery and up to 20 years later. It's a surprising but fascinating finding that deserves further investigation to better understand why it's enhanced and what it may mean clinically." The researchers compared data from 891 patients who had undergone third may have positive effect on sense of taste A recent study, conducted by the University of Philadelphia, represents one of the first studies to analyze the long-term effects of third molar extraction on taste. (Image: Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock) molar extractions (on average two decades earlier) with data from 364 individuals who had not undergone the surgical procedure. All participants had been tested for chemosensory function at the university's Smell and Taste Center over the course of the last 20 years. The whole-mouth identification test incorporated presentations of five different concentrations of sucrose, sodium chloride, citric acid and caffeine. Participates had to indicate whether the test solutions tasted sweet, salty, sour or bitter. It was found that participants who had undergone third molar extraction showed a better overall test score in all four tastes than the control group. In addition, women outperformed men in both groups, and taste function generally declined with age. "The study strongly suggests that extraction of the third molar has a positive long-term, albeit subtle, effect on the function of the lingual taste pathways of some people," said co- author Dane Kim, a third-year student in the university's School of Dental Medicine. Mechanism remains unknown According to the researchers, there are two possible explanations for the enhancement of the sense of taste. Firstly, the fact that hypersensitivity can occur after peripheral nerve injury caused by a surgical procedure such as an extraction has already been documented in other contexts. Secondly, damage-caused by the extraction of the tooth-to the nerves that supply the taste buds in the anterior region of the mouth may cause inhibition of the nerves that supply the taste buds in the posterior region, resulting in an increased sensitivity of the entire mouth. "Further studies are needed to determine the mechanism or mechanisms behind the extraction- related improvement in taste function," said Doty. "The effects are subtle but may provide insight into how long- term improvement in neural function can result from altering the environment in which nerves propagate." The study, titled "Positive long-term effects of third molar extraction on taste function," was published on June 23, 2021, in Chemical Senses. BUMDC organises workshop for screening of Hepatitis K ARACHI - The Department of Oral Pathology, Bahria University Medical & Dental College (BUMDC) recently arranged a workshop for screening of Hepatitis B and C as part of the 4th International BUMDC Conference. Students and dental house officers attended the workshop. Prof Wahab Buksh Kadri, Principal, Dental College, BUMDC, was the event's chief guest. Prof. Daud Mirza, Head of Department of Oral Pathology, BUMDC, chaired the event. While Dr Afsheen Maqsood, Associate Professor, Oral Pathology, BUMDC, facilitate the event with Dr M. Shahrukh Khan Sadiq and Dr Jaweria Zeeshan. Dr Shama Asghar, Head Of Department of Operative Dentistry, BUMDC and Dr Kiran Fatima, Department of Dental Education, BUMDC, were also present. The workshop was comprised of lectures and practicals. Prof. Dr Daud Mirza delivered an interactive lecture on the basics of the liver, its associated diseases, their epidemiology and pathophysiology. Afterwards, Dr Photos: DT Pakistan Afsheen Maqsood elaborated Hepatitis B and C comprehensively, along with their types, transmission modes, and relevance in dentistry. She later focused on different screening methods used to diagnose hepatitis B and C. Multimedia videos regarding ELISA and PCR were displayed afterwards to aid the participants to understand the newer technologies used for hepatitis screening. Later, the demonstrator performed the practical at the Oral Pathology laboratory, where the speaker elaborated the device method for Hepatitis screening to the participants. The participants were encouraged to perform the test themselves to improve their learning. The students actively participated throughout the whole session. The workshop was designed to make the students conscious regarding the significance of Hepatitis in dental practice. In the end, the chief guest distributed the certificates and shields to the speakers. While appreciating the efforts of organisers, he promised more such events in future. -PR
JULY-AUGUST 2021 Pakistan Edition DENTAL TRIBUNE 11 Transparency International ... Continued from front page corporations or authorities established by the federal government or provincial government and holders of public office shall furnish to NAB a copy of its contract entered into. PMC is not known to have complied this or not. The PMC in its response issued had said that after evaluating the proposals and credentials of 14 companies to set up a computer-based examination system in collaboration with the PMC selected SOAR Education (Private) Limited, was required by the PMC to set up a special purpose vehicle to enter into the joint venture agreement with the commission to ensure that the joint venture partner would not have any other conflicting business. In response to this request, SOAR Education (Private) Limited immediately set up SOAR Testing and Evaluation Platform (SMC-Private) Limited as the special purpose vehicle to be the joint venture company. The Joint Venture Agreement was thereafter executed between PMC and SOAR Testing and evaluation Platform (SMC-Private) Limited. The payment made to the joint venture partner was not a payment made by PMC from its funds. It was the first payment representing the joint venture partners share from the fees received from registered students as provided for under the joint venture agreement. Delta variant on the rise Continued from front page Dr Sultan said that the mutations in each new variant of the virus make it very easy to "jump from one person to another". "This variant is spreading at a pace of 50-60%," he said. Speaking about the importance of the coronavirus vaccines, Dr Sultan said the present COVID-19 vaccines work on all types of variants of the virus. He said, however, that each vaccine has an efficacy rate and that it is possible that people who have been previously vaccinated can contract the virus again. Dr Sultan said that as per data collected by the NCOC, it is evident that Pakistan is facing a fourth wave of the coronavirus. He said after a decline in the number of cases of the infection, large cities like Karachi were reporting high positivity ratios. When asked to identify the main cause of the cases spiking in Pakistan, the prime minister's aide said people were tired of business activities shutting down again and again due to the different waves of the infection. He said, as a result, many people forego wearing masks and taking other precautions, which leads to a spike in cases of the infection. "However, we must keep in mind that coronavirus vaccines are the most effective weapons against the coronavirus," he said, adding that every person must at least get one dose of the vaccine. Answering a question about the coronavirus vaccination certificate, Dr Sultan said the government has established a portal that would help solve people's problems related to obtaining certificates. He said from August, people will be required to show coronavirus vaccine certificates if they wished to travel within Pakistan. Pakistan's coronavirus positivity rate crossed 5% after almost a month on July 15 as the country continues to report a spike in its daily case count. On May 24 this year, Pakistan had recorded a 5.21% coronavirus positivity ratio, according to the NCOC data. Currently, the infection rate stands at 5.52%. The NCOC's data from July 15 shows that 48,910 tests were conducted in the last 24 hours and 2,545 of them came back positive for coronavirus. With 47 new fatalities from the virus, the national death tally soared to 22,689. The tobacco industry blamed for ... Continued from page 2 is a major cause of smoking among the youth, 60pc of smokers start smoking during adolescence." "According to Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), the annual consumption of cigarettes in Pakistan was Rs86.6 billion. This is a worrying moment for us," he said. On the other hand, he said, the tobacco industry was misleading the government by claiming a loss of Rs77 billion on illicit trade. "Given the fact that the illicit trade in tobacco in the country is not more than 10 to 15pc, if the illicit trade had exceeded the limit, a copyright case would have been registered by the tobacco industry,` he said, adding cigarette consumption increased by 90pc in 2017-18 after implementation of the third tier due to poor strategy. "A recent report by the World Bank has made it to impose 30pc federal excise duty (FED) on tobacco every year to reduce tobacco consumption and increase revenue in Pakistan. The annual revenue of Rs134 billion will be achieved," he said. Ministry of National Health Services Deputy Director Dr Samra Mazhar said the nation's health was the basic duty of government. "As we are aware, laws are being strengthened to prevent health hazards; children are our future, every propaganda will be exposed to save our children," he said. Health Services Academy Vice-chancellor Prof Dr Shehzad Ali Khan said children of the nation are the government's priority; effective measures should be taken to protect young boys and girls from tobacco as health cannot be compromised in any way. "Effective action is a matter of urgency," he said. Punjab Advisory Committee Chairperson Iram Mumtaz, former MPA Tehseen Fawad, Khalil Ahmed from SPARC, Sharq Khan from Chromatic, and others said that smoking is the first step towards drug addiction. Interview with Dr Qaiser Ali Baig Continued from page 4 Any suggestions you want to give for dental students who are thinking to do research work in the future? Research is not like doing a composite filling at the clinic to get instant satisfaction in terms of both aesthetics and monetary compensation. Research needs passion and unconditional dedication. Yes, it does not support you financially initially, but it will help you build your career immensely once you know how to conduct it. Research projects done in Pakistan are still struggling to level with the ones being conducted internationally; how do you think this difference can be eradicated? Exposure is the key to getting better at research. You will never know what the world is working on unless you collaborate with international researchers and educate yourself about their inclinations. National and international collaborations both are essential to help us progress in the field of health research. Teamwork is crucial in this regard as well. Many international projects are being conducted in Pakistan at present, but we need to do more, especially when it comes to dental research. Expand your reach with the help of effective teamwork and collaborations. What advice do you have for aspiring dentists? It is difficult to become a dentist; it is even harder to become a specialist, consultant, or faculty member. While the road ahead is a challenging one, it does not mean that you should settle down after graduation only. If you have a passion, pursue it and work towards achieving the best of your capabilities. Always have a vision of how you wish to progress whenever you are presented with an opportunity. There is competition, and it can be demotivating at times but never lose hope; everyone will settle down one day, sooner or later. It is your effort that will make you stand out in a crowd. Secondly, empathy should be your prime tool; become a good human being first. People should remember you for your good deeds. When you reach a good and respectable position in your life, try to mentor, if not multiple, then at least one more person. Inculcate in them values about professionalism, knowledge, and hard work the same way your mentor did for you. The struggle is a prominent part of life, but you must learn to tackle any obstacles, big or small, that come your way with resilience and patience. Lastly, I will say that the key to success lies in respect, persistence, hard work and faith. Put in everything you have got to achieve your goals. Keep your intentions pure and hope for the best. 4TH BUMDC international ... Continued from page 6 the preservation of buccal plate." respectively. Vice Admiral (R) Khalid Amin (HI) (M) Director- General, BUMDC, expressed his gratitude towards the guest speakers and appreciated them on very informative sessions. He also acknowledged his team's efforts and congratulated them for successfully executing the 4th I n t e r n a t i o n a l B U M D C c o n f e r e n c e 2 0 2 1 . Dental Scientific Session The sub-theme for this hybrid session was "Innovative approaches for comprehending and treating dental diseases". Rear Admiral (R) Nasir Mehmood, Prof. Dr Navid Rashid, Principal, Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry and Prof. Dr Kashif Ikram, Principal, Baqai Medical University were the chief guests of the session. Prof. Dr Mehmood Hussain, Dr Chander Kumar, Dr Shahrukh Khan, Dr Mamoora Arsalan, Dr Wajiha Anzar, Dr Saba Tabassum contributed as the speakers. Dr Farzeen Tanwir, Chairperson, Prof. Dr Saman Hakeem was the Co-chairperson, while Dr Tabassum Ahsan was the Secretary of the session. Dr Natasha Zaidi coordinated it. The chief guests appreciated the speakers for the enlightening sessions. They presented the appreciation shields to the organisers of the session while Dr Wahab Kadri, Principal, Dental College, BUMDC, presented the shields to guest speakers and certificates to the speakers. The ceremony ended with Prof. Dr Nasim Karim, Chairperson, Scientific Session, who declared the conference's closing and thanked all the facilitators, delegates and the entire team of BUMDC who had put in all their efforts to make it a success. SFCC holds a dental pinning ... Continued from page 8 received a pin for getting a certificate in Advanced Dental Assisting Skills. SFCC's dental programs have helped dental students to polish their skills and let them work alongside the dentists in little time.
12 DENTAL TRIBUNE Pakistan Edition JULY-AUGUST 2021 NEWS Studies have shown that emotionally intelligent people are more likely to be successful in both their personal and professional lives. (Image: inimalGraphic/Shutterstock) Why emotional intelligence in dentistry is a vital skill Dental Tribune International L E I P Z I G, G E R M A N Y - Emotional intelligence (EI) relates to the ways in which an individual can understand and manage his or her own needs as well as recognise and deal with the needs of others and the abilities to do this. As a dental professional, these are important skills to have because every activity during a treatment process requires connecting emotionally with patients, and those who can put their EI into practice effectively will be more successful in the long run. Even though dental professionals work with people all day, they are not necessarily the best at doing so and often lack EI. For example, a study, titled Emotional intelligence among dental undergraduate students: An indispensable and ignored aspect in dentistry, showed that only 11.55% of 186 undergraduate dentistry students who were questioned in a survey had good EI. In a paper on the topic, author Dr Mohlab Al-Sammarraie stated that, as a dentist having many years of leadership experience, he believes that sustainable progress of the profession depends on the ability of all dentists to strike a balance between meeting the emotional needs of the patients and adequately performing the required operational techniques. Is trying to increase ones knowledge a waste of time? What Al-Sammarraie is referring to here is the combination of EI and intelligence quotient (IQ). This relationship has been extensively established, and studies have shown that IQ correlates with cognitive control abilities. In summary, research suggests that EI matters more than technical competence when it comes to being a successful manager, that individuals with better social skills make better decisions and that the return of investment on working to improve EI is far higher than that for working to increase ones knowledge. This might be a hard pill to swallow for practitioners who love to refine their operative techniques (or whatever their aim might be) to utmost perfection. In fact, those technical skills are worth very little when they cannot be put into practice because dentists cannot connect with their patients emotionally and continuously encounter frustrating recurring leadership and staff problems. EI is central to success The good news is that EI can be learned. EI is described as the e x i s t e n c e o f f o u r d o m i n a n t behavioural traits called self- awareness, social awareness, self- management and the ability to manage r e l a t i o n s h i p s . T h e f o l l o w i n g p a r a g r a p h s i n v e s t i g a t e e a c h characteristic and consider some tips as to how those traits can be translated into everyday work life at a dental practice. 1. Self-awareness Self-awareness is the foundation for being a good leader, but it requires self-reflection. Assessing oneself objectively daily can be a good way t o u n d e r s t a n d s t r e n g t h s a n d weaknesses that were shown in certain situations throughout the day. Asking trusted co-workers to describe oneself can also be a good source of insight. Another great tip is to keep a journal where goals, plans and priorities can be written down for future reference. 2. Social awareness To be more socially aware and, essentially, a better leader, it helps to practise some observational skills which include learning to understand what it means to truly listen to others. In order to do that, it is essential to pay attention to other peoples tone of voice, watch facial expressions and body language, develop a feeling for the general mood in the office, and try to notice the fine details which can make a considerable difference. 3. Self-management Often before someone has the capability to concentrate on others and pay attention to the seemingly subtle things that happen in a practice, he or she needs to gain control of his or her own workload. Planning for each workday and coming to meetings prepared can make a big difference and provide a feeling of control. Another great way to practise self- management is to set a goal, focus the attention on this one task, reflect on the task and then, mindfully, move on. 4. Ability to manage relationships All these tips should ultimately help to improve relationships around the workplace because people who work on themselves develop a better understanding of what is going on inside the heads of the people around them. To deepen connections with co- workers, it is important to identify r e l a t i o n s h i p n e e d s , m a n a g e boundaries, appreciate others and schedule time to build relationships. Essentially, the reason why EI is central to ones success is that more real-world problems can be solved with people skills rather than with pure intelligence. Luckily, everyday life has many situations in store where all four dominant behavioural traits can be practised.