Please activate JavaScript!
Please install Adobe Flash Player, click here for download

prevention International magazine for oral health No. 1, 2017

1 3 4 5 10 6 7 8 2 9 13 11 12 science | oral and systemic health 7 Alzheimer’s disease In a 2017 study published in the Neuroepidemiology journal, Leira et al. sought to clarify whether a link between periodontal disease and Alzheimer’s had been established by the previous decade’s research. Their systematic review revealed that a significant association between these two conditions had been observed. 8 Depression Researchers from Australia’s Deakin University analysed this relationship on a large scale, drawing on data from an American health survey of more than 10,000 people. They demonstrated that not only does a link between depression and oral health exist, but also the severity of patients’ depression correlates with the severity of their oral health issues. 9 Cardiovascular disease A recent meta-review conducted by University of Portsmouth research- ers in the UK confirmed that there is a strong body of evidence that shows that individuals with chronic periodontitis have a higher risk of developing atherosclerotic vascular disease, regardless of other risk factors. 10 Pancreatic cancer Presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, a US study found that men and women whose oral microbiomes included Porphyromonas gingivalis had a 59 per cent greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer than those whose micro- biomes did not contain the bacterium. 11 Rheumatoid arthritis In a 2016 study published in the Science Translational Medicine journal, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center studied the rate of periodontal disease in rheumatoid arthritis sufferers and found that they were twice as likely as the population norm to have periodontal disease and six times as likely to suffer from severe periodontal disease. 12 Osteoporosis A 2012 study published in the Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences analysed the existing research on the relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis. The authors found that there was a higher likelihood of alveolar bone loss in patients suffering from osteoporosis, particularly those with periodontitis. 13 Mortality A study published in the April 2017 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests that overall mortality in the general popula- tion, and older women in particular, could be reduced by improving oral health. Based on analysis of data from over 57,000 postmenopausal women, researchers at the University at Buffalo in the US found that presence of periodontitis and tooth loss was associated with a signifi- cantly higher mortality rate. september 2017 21

Pages Overview